There’s two components to osteoarthritis joint pain. First, is degeneration of the cartilage between the bones and joints and the laxity of the ligaments surrounding the joint. Second, there is an inflammatory component and this causes pain, swelling and deformity. The inflammation is due to hyper-reactivity of the immune system responding to the degenerative changes at the level of the joints.
Treatment should target both regeneration of the intra-cartilaginous compounds as well as the immunological inflammatory response. Dietary modifications and natural anti-inflammatories are employed to decrease immune over-reactivity. Second is the utilization of collagenous compounds to support the intra-articular cartilage. And lastly strengthening the musculature around the affected joints helps to negate the effects of ligamental laxity.